Anne of Bard’Au & Co shares her ideas on health and beauty

Bard'Au & Co


This article looks at different types of milia, their causes, and possible ways to get rid of them.

Milia are small, yellow or white bump-like cysts found under the skin, usually on the face and often found in newborns but they can affect people of any age. They are usually 1 to 2 mm in size.

They form when skin flakes or keratin, a protein, become trapped under the skin.

Milia most often appear on the face, commonly around the eyelids and cheeks, though they can occur anywhere.

  1. Home remedies

In most cases, milia will disappear on their own within a few months.

A number of home remedies may help get rid of milia. While no specific remedy has been proven to remove milia quickly, these treatments are mostly low-risk.

For example:

  • Clean the affected area daily. Use a mild cleanser to prevent skin irritation.
  • Steam open the pores. This can be done by sitting in the bathroom and running a hot shower.
  • Exfoliate the area regularly. However, avoid over-exfoliating, as daily exfoliation can irritate the skin.
  • Use sunscreen. Non-comedogenic , high UVA&UVB protection sunscreens may be especially helpful.
  • Using topical retinoids. Topical retinoids are creams or gels derived from Vitamin A. While they are designed to treat Acne and other skin issues, they are also effective in treating milia.
  • Rose, cinnamon and honey Some research claims that these extracts have antibacterial properties that can tackle some skin problems. However, there has been no research on their effectiveness with milia.
  • Avoid poking or picking or squeezing milia. While it may be tempting, this interference increases the risk of infection and can lead to scarring.
  1. Medical treatments

If milia are causing concern, certain clinical treatments have been used to try and remove them. These include:

  • De-roofing. A doctor uses a sterile needle or blade to remove the milia. Do not attempt this at home, as you can run the risk of infection.
  • Curettage. A doctor numbs the area, removes the milia, then seals the skin with a hot wire.
  • Cryotherapy. The milia are frozen off, often with liquid nitrogen. This can cause blistering or swelling, which should disappear within a few days.
  • Minocycline. This oral  antibiotic can be helpful in treating certain types of milia, such as milia en plaque.

All of these treatments carry a risk of scarring, except for minocycline, which has other risks. Since milia themselves do not cause scarring, think carefully before undergoing these treatments.

  1. Prevention

It is not always possible to prevent milia, for example, when they occur in newborns.

However, when milia are associated with other skin conditions or injuries, swift treatment may keep them from appearing.

Tips for preventing milia include:

  • avoiding excessive exposure to the sun
  • avoiding the use of thick creams or oil-based products
  • exfoliating between 2 and 3 times a week

Milia can sometimes arise following a chemical peel. It may be possible to prevent their occurrence by applying a topical retinoid before the procedure. However, retinoids can cause dark spots or excessive irritation when used in combination with chemical peels.

  1. Types and causes

> Neonatal milia

Milia affect up to 50 percent of all newborns. They usually disappear on their own within a few weeks.

Neonatal milia are often found on the nose, but may appear on the scalp, face, upper trunk, and inside the mouth.

These bumps can be confused with neonatal acne. The white bumps of neonatal acne vary in size, and are often surrounded by redness, while milia are generally uniform in size, with no redness.

Milia may be present from birth, while neonatal acne usually does not appear until 2 weeks after birth.

> Primary milia

Primary milia occur in children and adults. While they may disappear without treatment in a few weeks, they can also last for several months.

Primary milia often appear on the following body parts:

  • eyelids
  • cheeks
  • forehead
  • genitals

They may also appear along the nasal crease in young children.

> Milia en plaque

In this condition, multiple milia are clumped together in a broad, flat patch raised above the surrounding skin. This patch or plaque often has a clear and defined border.

Milia en plaque can affect children and adults, particularly middle-aged women. It is usually found on the eyelids, behind the ears, and on the cheek or jaw.

This condition is rare and occasionally associated with other skin issues, including:

  • pseudoxanthoma elasticum
  • discoid lupus erythematosus
  • lichen planus

> Multiple eruptive milia

This rare type of milia involves numerous bumps appearing in the same area over several weeks or months. This is often the only symptom, though the area may also feel itchy.

Multiple eruptive milia tend to appear on the face, upper arms, and upper trunk.

> Traumatic milia

Also known as secondary milia, this condition follows injury to the skin, which may involve:

  • a burn
  • blistering from a skin condition or allergic reaction
  • skin resurfacing procedures, such as dermabrasion or laser resurfacing
  • excessive exposure to sunlight

> Milia associated with medication

Certain topical medications, including some steroid creams, may cause milia to appear.

  1. Risk factors

Milia carry very few risks.

When milia are associated with another condition or injury, that condition should be treated separately.

It is important that milia are correctly diagnosed. They can be confused with other types of skin conditions, including comedones, miliaria, and other types of cysts.

When milia are a concern, discuss treatment with a specialist.

  1. Outlook

Milia tend not to cause long-term problems. The outlook is very good, and most cases will resolve without treatment in several weeks.

The bumps may disappear faster in newborns than in children and adults.

If milia do not disappear within a few weeks, Anne at bard’au&co will be able to recommend treatment options. Call her on 0606651907

Why Switching To Natural Beauty Products Actually Might Not Be The Best Thing For Your Skin

Why Switching To Natural Beauty Products Actually Might Not Be The Best Thing For Your Skin

It’s clear that loads of people are becoming more conscious about what they’re putting on their bodies.

Sometimes, a brand needs to create synthetic ingredients in order to ensure their product will work well every single time. Just because something’s made in a lab, doesn’t mean it’s toxic — and just because something’s completely natural, doesn’t mean it’s not (arsenic, anyone?).

A “Natural” Label Doesn’t Always Mean Chemical-Free!

Ingredients that can get a beauty product labeled as “natural” are often paired with other additives that can be detrimental to our skin. Many ‘natural’ personal care products have few associated studies to demonstrate efficacy and safety akin to that of FDA-regulated products. Some items branded as ‘natural’ in fact contain chemicals. It’s always important to actually read the ingredients label, and not just rely on language on the front of a bottle that implies something is natural.

Fewer Ingredients Doesn’t Always Equal Better!

Many people looking for natural products are hoping for a shorter ingredient list. And while it’s true that long lists full of things you can’t pronounce aren’t always great, a lot of organic ingredients require additional additives to provide any skin care benefits.

If you just put something on the skin, many times it’s not going to get absorbed. That’s the point of our skin, after all: to stop foreign objects from reaching our insides. If you’re going to put something on the skin, you want an oil base so it can mix with the top layer of our epidermis. For example: If you have something, say rose hip water, and you just put that on the skin, that’s not going to penetrate. But rose hip is a good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory so why not take that and encapsulate it a little bit of an oil molecule around it, and then apply it to the skin.

Your Truly Organic Products Won’t Last Long!

Most of the shelf-life of organic ingredients is about three months. That’s not an inherently negative thing, but it does mean you’ll need to be mindful about restocking. You can keep your organic products in the refrigerator to help preserve them, but that it’s extra important to dump them once they pass the expiration date.

And Sometimes, We Need Parabens!

Parabens get a bad rap, and many natural brands brag that their products don’t contain any. However, parabens are a very large molecule and they sit on top of the skin and they don’t get absorbed throughout. And it’s one of the best preservatives we that we have. Although a 2004 study found parabens in breast cancer tissue, causality was not established in that study. In addition, further research is still needed to prove that any of the paraben alternatives on the market are any safer for our health.

Besides, ketchup has more parabens than a topical cream we’re putting on… and we’re ingesting it.The two most commonly used parabens in ketchup, methylparaben and propylparaben, are on the FDA’s Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list as long as they make up less than 0.1% of the product ingredients. Since there is no regulation on parabens in cosmetics, these types of stats for your makeup are difficult to confirm.

Misinformation Can Be Deadly!

Since there isn’t a ton of scientific evidence available about natural products, a lot of misinformation about them gets spread across the internet. Before you take anything you read online to heart, it’s always good to consult with a professional skin therapist or Dermatologist.

One of the the most common questions to ask them is whether sunscreens are safe, and I am referring to the popular theory that chemical sunscreens could be poisoning you. One in five South Africans develop skin cancer. Sunscreens are regulated by the FDA. There are no studies published in the literature that demonstrate credible safety issues. Sunscreen is a critical tool to prevent skin cancer and saves lives.

You don’t have to use traditional chemical sunscreens to fulfill your SPF need, however. Patients with sensitive skin or dermatologic conditions such as rosacea may opt to use a ‘natural sunscreen’ with physical blockers such as titanium dioxide or zinc oxide. A product with SPF 15 will protect you from 93 percent of UVB rays, while SPF 30 will protect you from 97 percent. Since neither of those are 100 percent, we recommend staying in the shade and wearing sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat, no matter what type of sunscreen you choose.

People With Allergies Should Be Especially Cautious!

Think tree pollen, nuts, stone fruits, etc — cause allergic reactions, and the same goes for organic ingredients in beauty products. Ingredients created in a lab can be more carefully formulated for sensitive skin, but if you’re determined to go natural, just make sure you do a patch test on the inside of your arm before smearing a new organic cream all over your face.

Don’t Worry: Some Natural Ingredients Actually Do Work!

I love natural ingredients. I think they’re great!. Oils that are high in omega-3 fatty acids — acids that our bodies need for cell health, but can’t produce on its own — are especially great in the winter, when the skin’s barrier starts to break down from the cold.

Apple cider vinegar is another natural ingredient — in fact, using it to replace your shampoo once a week really can get rid of buildup caused by products.

Many dermatologists found that many natural ingredients that block melanin production or lighten melanin that has been produced work well for her patients with hyperpigmentation, specifically kojic acid, lignin peroxidase, ellagic acid, niacinamide, and soy. Unfortunately, [prolonged usage] can cause photosensitivity, she says, so just be sure to wear sunscreen, too.

More articles on Health & Beauty



Melasma is a common skin problem that causes brown to gray-brown patches on the face.

Although the exact causes of melasma are unclear, common triggers include :

  1. Hormones: Hormones are the activation code for hypersensitive pigment cells making them the top trigger for melasma. Pregnancy and birth control medication add to the issue by putting them into overdrive.
  2. Sun exposure: Though not the main cause of melasma, UV exposure definitely makes it worse.
  1. Inflammation: Heat or harsh exfoliating can cause a melanin-producing reaction
  1. Waxing: Trauma to the hair follicle can cause your skin to go into protection mode thus triggering melanin production.
  1. Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals found in cheap & non-dermatological sunscreens and cosmetics or skin care can rigger pigmentation.
  2. Diet: A folate deficiency could be promoting your excess pigmentation.

If you have melasma, we recommend the following tips for achieving a more even skin tone :

  1. Wear sunscreen daily: One of the most common treatments for melasma is sun protection. Since sunlight triggers melasma, it is important to wear sunscreen every day, even on cloudy days and after swimming or sweating. Choose a sunscreen that offers broad-spectrum protection, a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or more, and zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide to physically limit the effects of the sun’s rays on your skin. Apply sunscreen 15 minutes before going outside and re-apply at least every two hours.
  2. Wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses when you’re outside: Sunscreen alone may not give you the sun protection you need. Whenever possible, seek shade and wear protective clothing in addition to applying sunscreen.
  3. Vitamins: Get added protection from Vit E & C.
  4. Choose gentle yet effective skin care products: Be careful what you put on your skin as some products can irritate the skin and may worsen melasma. Ask your skin therapist for prescription-home care and professional treatments.
  5. Avoid waxing: Waxing may cause skin inflammation which can worsen melasma, so it’s important to avoid waxing areas of the body affected by the condition. A safe alternative to waxing is threading.
  1. Diet: Bump up your intake of leafy greens, nuts, whole grains.

If your melasma does not go away, see a qualified skin specialist or dermatologist to discuss available treatments for melasma, such as prescription products/medications or in-office procedures.

Contact us on 060 665 1907 for your free consultation and more information

Why you should wear sunscreen

Why you should wear sunscreen

(and not only in summer!)

Come summer and we all rush to the nearest cosmetic or medical store to grab that bottle of sunscreen lotion, don’t we? However, applying sunscreen should never be restricted to summer alone. Summer or winter, monsoon or spring, the need for shielding your skin from the harsh rays of the sun is essential. And, sunscreen does that job for you.
Let’s have a look at the top 10 interesting reasons on why you should wear sunscreen throughout the year.

1. Shields From Harmful UV Rays:

The continuously depleting ozone layer has put us at a higher risk of getting affected from the harmful rays of the sun. While you do need the sun for your daily dose of Vitamin D, it does not imply that you should put your health at risk! Applying sunscreen actually blocks these harmful rays from penetrating the skin and triggering skin disorders.

2. Prevents Premature Aging:

All of us love to have younger looking, radiant, and healthy skin. And, this is one of the most convincing reasons to start using sunscreen. It shields your skin from developing signs of aging, such as wrinkles and fine lines. Studies reveal that people below the age of 55 who used sunscreen had 24% lesser chances of developing these aging signs than non-sunscreen and occasional sunscreen users.

3. Lowers Skin Cancer Risks:

While I started using sunscreen mainly for beauty reasons, this health benefit came as an advantage. Wear your sunscreen daily and over the days and months to shield your skin from the risk of various types of skin cancer, especially, melanoma. This is the worst type of skin cancers, which can be life threatening for women, particularly those who are in their 20s.

4. Lowers Blotchiness on Face:

Apply sunscreen liberally on your face to prevent the onset of that irritating blotchiness and eruptions of red veins. This is also essential to prevent the onset of acne and other sun rays- induced damages.

5. Prevents Sunburns:

Sunburns weaken your skin, subjecting it more to bruises. Your skin may suffer repeated attacks of peeling, swelling, redness, hives, and itching. And, this comes from the influence of UVB rays. The blisters can escalate the risk of skin cancer. A study published in ‘Annals of Epidemiology’ in August 2008 suggested that recurring occurrences of sunburns could actually put you at a higher risk of lethal melanoma. So, apply sunscreen and stay safe.

6. Prevents Tanning:

Tan is healthy – this concept still persists. However, what you should be aware is that while you are sunbathing to tan, you are at the risk of being harmed by the harsh ultraviolet B rays. Choose a sunscreen that has a minimum of sun protection factor 30 to prevent tanning induced by UVB. And, make sure you reapply sunscreen every two hours, especially if you have a sensitive skin. Or, just after your exercise, as sweat could wash away the protective coating.

7. Enhances Health of the Skin:

The essential skin proteins, such as collagen, keratin, and elastin are protected by sunscreen. These proteins are required for keeping the skin smooth and healthy. Make sure your sun block has titanium oxide in it for endowing these benefits to the skin

8. A Good Cosmetic Option:

Now-a- days, you get sunscreens that also doubles up as a cream. Just apply it and leave on. If you have a dry skin or sensitive skin, make sure you reapply a coating every now and then for better safety of your skin.

9. Sunscreen Offers Better Protection Than a Full Sleeve Dress:

You cannot safeguard yourself from the sun by wearing a full-sleeve dress! Do you know that a cotton dress, particularly when damp, offers zero protection from the harmful rays of the sun? Just apply a generous amount of sunscreen under the dress as well.

10. Sunscreen Offers Better Protection Than a Full Sleeve Dress:

You cannot safeguard yourself from the sun by wearing a full-sleeve dress! Do you know that a cotton dress, particularly when damp, offers zero protection from the harmful rays of the sun? Just apply a generous amount of sunscreen under the dress as well.


How to Use Sunscreen?

How to use sunscreen everyday? There are a few factors that you need to keep in mi;n;d while picking up the sunscreen and using it everyday:

1. Always read the ingredient list and make sure your sunscreen contain the following: Titanium dioxide, Octyl methoxycinnimate (OMC), Avobenzone (also parsol), Zinc oxide

2. Opt for a broad spectrum sunscreen lotion or gel that is non-comedogenic and hypoallergenic. Such sun creams will shield you from ultraviolet rays, both A and B, while safeguarding you from rashes, clogged pores, acne, and sun burns.

3. Choose a sunscreen that is waterproof and comes with a minimum SPF of 30.

4. Always apply sunscreen half an hour before you come into contact with the sun.

How Often to Use Sunscreens?

Sunscreens act as a shield against the harmful UV rays which penetrates every time your skin is exposed to the sun. It is therefore advisable to use sunscreen everyday. You may not notice the benefits now, but the advantage of using sunscreen is felt in the long run. If you are out in the sun for a long time either working or enjoying a sunbath in the beach, it is better to reapply sunscreen after every two hours to protect your skin from sunburns.There is no specific time to start using sunscreen. It is always better to be late than never. Enjoy the sun 365 days with a liberal dab of sunscreen..

Can we apply sunscreen after moisturizer?
Its always good to apply sunscreen after you are done with your skin care regime as using serums or moisturizers over your sunscreen will affect the amount of protection it provides.
Can I use sunscreen while pregnant?
It is important to wear sunscreen while you are pregnant. Use one with at least an SPF of 30. Also, not all sunscreens are safe. There are many chemical sunscreens whose constituents can enter your bloodstream and can affect your foetus. It can also cause skin irritations and allergic reactions. Instead, use a natural sunscreen.
How long does sunscreen last once applied?
It usually lasts up to two to three hours, depending on the SPF. Ideally, the sunscreen should be applied 30 minutes before the skin is exposed to the skin. This allows the ingredients to bind to the skin properly. So, reapplying the sunscreen is as important as putting it on. Reapply it every two hours.
Does sunscreen over 30 SPF work?
Yes, sunscreens between SPF 30 and 50 work. However, there is only a tiny difference, SPF 30 protects against approximately 96% of UV rays whereas SPF 50 gives 98% protection from the sun. Therefore, a higher SPF does not necessarily mean greater protection.
What does the SPF number of sunscreen lotions mean?
The SPF refers to the ability of a sunscreen to block UVB rays that can cause sunburns, as well as UVA rays, that can cause deeper skin damage. The higher the SPF number, the higher the protection. But none provides 100% protection. The number shows the length of time your skin will be protected from burning, depending on your skin type. Check for the first sign of reddening in the sun without any protection (for eg., 3mins). Multiply that number by the SPF, that is, 50 * 3 (if the SPF is 50) = 150 minutes of sun protection.
Does expired sunscreen work?
All sunscreens have an expiration date mentioned on the bottle. The usual shelf life of a sunscreen is up to two to three years

Beware: Blue Light SKIN DAMAGE On The Rise

When someone talks about blue light, an image of a twinkling blue light might come to mind. However, in the skin care and personal care world, blue light is anything but sparkly-looking magic. Blue light or high energy visible light (HEVL) falls in the 400-500nm range, which causes skin damage including pigmentation, inflammation, weakening of the epidermal barrier and aging effects among other problems.

Long-term exposure to blue light, causes cells to produces reactive oxygen species—free radicals—which are responsible for premature skin aging and skin photo-aging.

In the long run, this damage induces similar physiological responses in the skin to UV exposure; leading to cytotoxicity in human cells, which translate to the typical signs of premature skin aging such as loss of elasticity, dryness and fine lines.

What’s the Damage?
Whether from sunlight or from artificial blue light off of electronic devices (tablets, smart phones, computers,… , blue light is all around us all the time. According to Mintel, U.S. millennials check their phones 157 times a day in comparison to adults who only check their phones 30 times a day. This exposes users to blue HEVL that affects sleep and reduces skin’s antioxidant levels.

Spending time in front of artificial blue light is increasing to the point where most countries are exposed for four hours per day on average.

While UV damage from the sun is well documented, until now less attention has been paid to the fact that blue light comes ‘right after’ UVA light in terms of wavelength and energy and may also evoke adverse effects.

Recent studies show that blue light penetrated deep into the skin and therefore has the ability to damage all skin layers.

Damage Prevention
Blue light damage can be avoided by preventing the damage from reaching and penetrating the skin surface.

Some laboratories have developed specific filters to block blue light and these filters can be easily incorporated in ‘conventional’ sunscreen. Thus, the use of sunscreen with specific blue light filters seems to be the best protection against blue light damage.

How to protect the skin both outdoors and indoors:

1. Block the blue light on the skin’s surface
2. Counteract oxidative stress
3. Stimulate skin’s own defense with highly innovative actives

We believe daily protection against blue light is a great way to proactively fend off against its negative impact on the skin. By utilizing/introducing products into your daily personal care regimen that include ingredients that shield the skin from this wavelength, you may be able to minimize the signs of blue light damage and help prevent them.

The Blue Light Trend
While the personal care industry is slowly beginning to pick up on the topic of blue light damage, this issue has actually always been present from sunlight.

Only about a decade ago, the first smartphones have been introduced—and the future of the world lays in digitalization. Therefore, we clearly expect a constant increase of the artificial blue light damage.

Read more on BLUE LIGHT


6 Ways to restore your beauty after a beach vacation

6 Ways to restore your beauty after a beach vacation

Don’t we all just like to pause our ever changing lives and go for holidays to relax and rejuvenate ourselves? The thing that suffers a lot after those great experiences is our beauty. In this article, I will tell you how you can take care of your skin after amazing times at your beach holiday.

1. Dry skin woes
Dry skin is quite common after a long holiday at the beach because of all the travelling, erratic sleep hours and dietary changes. The first thing you need to do is start drinking water. This will hydrate your skin from within. You can also squeeze a lemon in water and drink it throughout the day. Also, use moisturizers, oils and body butters to moisturize your skin from outside

2. Dullness of the skin
Yes, you can get dull skin even after the most amazing time on your vacation. Hydrating your skin from inside out helps with the dullness of the skin. Don’t forget to exfoliate to scrub away dull and dead skin cells. You can also get a good facial done to bring back the lustre of the skin.

3. Post holiday spots or acne
You can drink detox water to detoxify the body and give way to the clear and radiant skin. You can also try drinking green which is great if you want to detox your body and skin. You can also deeply cleanse from the outside by using face masks. Or get a peel to get all the gunk and bacteria out of your pores.

4. Reduce Redness and Inflammation
Use calming and moisturizing ingredients like rose water, in your skin care regime to soothe and calm the irritated skin. You can also have anti-inflammatory foods like walnuts, broccoli or yogurt to improve the overall appearance of the skin.

5. Brittle or chipped nails
Sea water can actually strip your nails of natural oils and moisture, so your hands and nails need all the pampering just like your face. You can go for manis-pedis at the salon and you can also pamper your tips and toes with blends of essential oils.

6. Restore the sparkle of your eyes
Under eye bags, dark circles and dullness in your eyes can be the result of lack of sleep during your vacations. You can go for various eye masks readily available in the market or you can go for homemade eye soothing treatments green tea bags, ice, potatoes or cucumbers. Best is to book an appointment for professional eye treatment.

Contact Anne at Bard’Au for more advise or post holiday treatments.


5 Sunburn Treatments to Save Your Vacation

5 Sunburn Treatments to Save Your Vacation

Got a little too much sun on your beach vacation? These treatments, from hydration to cool compresses, can help salvage the rest of your holiday. You looked forward to your tropical beach vacation for months. When you finally arrived, you headed straight to the beach to relax in the sun. While you enjoyed every minute of it and thought you were following all the right sun protection tips, the facts face you in your room mirror later that day: You have a sunburn!

Now what? You need sunburn treatment that can keep your sunburn from ruining the rest of your beach vacation.

How Sunburn Happened

You already know that the best way to keep your skin youthful and healthy is to stay out of the sun during its peak hours and use sunscreen and protective clothing when you are in the sun. So how did this happen? You may not have known how powerful the sun’s rays are:

People at a tropical beach vacation are at an increased risk of getting a sunburn because these destinations are nearer to the equator, where the sun’s rays are the strongest.

Reflection from the sand and water increases the amount of sun you get. (You are even at risk of sunburn when vacationing in snowy destinations, since the sun’s reflection off the snow makes it stronger in these locales, too.)
Sunburn can develop after just 15 minutes (apply sunscreen 30 min before you head outside and re-apply every 2 hours!) , but you may not realize what’s happening because sunburn symptoms usually don’t appear until three to five hours after sun exposure.

Sunburn Treatment Strategies

Once you have a sunburn, your symptoms can actually get worse over the next 24 to 36 hours, and the painful, uncomfortable results of a sunburn can stick around for five days or more. There is no way to make a sunburn go away immediately — you will have to wait until your skin heals. However, there are several sunburn treatments to relieve your pain and help you feel more comfortable:

Use a pain reliever. As soon as you realize that you have a sunburn, head indoors immediately and use a topical or oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, like ibuprofen (such as Advil). When these medications are used early enough, they may help reduce some of the redness. Keep taking these medications as needed as your skin heals, since they can also reduce other sunburn-related symptoms, including pain, fever, and headache.

Get hydrated. When you are in the sun for long periods of time, it is easy to become overheated and dehydrated. So, for the first two to three days after you get a sunburn, drink plenty of water and other caffeine- and alcohol-free fluids to help keep you hydrated.

Stay in the shade. To help prevent further damage to your already sunburned skin, wear lightweight protective clothing and stay out of the sun — seek the shade of an umbrella or covered porch. If it is especially hot outside or you are very uncomfortable, you may feel better spending more time indoors, in air conditioning.

Moisturize your skin. Slather on a moisturizing cream or aloe vera gel to soothe your parched skin and help relieve some of your sunburn symptoms.

Cool down. If the pain and heat of your sunburn are making you uncomfortable, taking a cool bath or applying cool compresses to the affected areas may provide some relief.

When to Seek Emergency Care? Sometimes, a sunburn is so severe that it is considered a medical emergency. Travel health experts advise getting immediate medical care if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Extreme skin pain or blistering
  • Facial swelling
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Stomach upset
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Dehydration

Knowing how to treat your sunburn will minimize discomfort, and reacting quickly will get your vacation back on track.


Menopause is an incredibly complicated process that all women endure as they reach middle age. For some, symptoms appear to be a mere end to the monthly cycle. For others, it is a difficult process that can last for a few years and cause a variety of changes. Menopause not only affects the internal body, it affects the skin as well.

What Happens to Hormones During Menopause?

Hormonal changes and declines, as well as the slowdown in ovarian activity (which includes decrease in B-Estradiol levels), cause many of the changes we see associated with menopause. Hormones can cause hot flashes, which are intense of warmth in the skin, particularly of the face, accompnaie by profues sweating. In addition, the adrenal glands and ovaries of post-menopausal women secrete increased androgens.

Menopause and the Skin

So what does this have to do with the skin? A lot! The hormonal changes that occur during and after menopause tend to change the skin’s physiology in new and different ways.
We know that the decline of B-Estradiol during menopause is one of the culprits in the accelerated aging of the skin. We also know that menopause is mostly caused by age-related changes in the ovaries, and the number of follicles remaining in the ovaries of menopausal women is significantly reduced. In addition, the follicles that remain become less sensitive to stimulation by pituitary hormones, even though their levels are elevated, resulting in fewer mature follicles and a reduction in the production of corpora lutea. This results in lowered estrogen and progesterone production, which in turn leads to changes in the skin.

As a woman gets closer to menopause, the following changes begin to occur in the skin:


During the reproductive years, B-Estradiol stimulates a more fluid sebaceous gland secretion (“anti-acne” effect). During menopause, as estrogen levels decrease, testosterone (produced by the adrenal glands) is no longer masked in the woman’s body. Testosterone reveals itself by stimulating sebaceous glands to secrete thicker sebum, giving the appearance of oily skin (and the tendency toward adult acne in some women).
Tip: Try Nimue Purifier to control excess sebum without drying effects.


Also due to the unmasking of testosterone, some women may develop facial hair, particularly in the chin area.
Tip: Try Threading hair removal instead of waxing


Estrogens stimulate fat deposits over the female body; as estrogen levels drop during menopause, fat deposits tend to become redistributed and often concentrated over the abdomen and/or on the thighs and buttocks. The result is a loss of supportive fat below the skin of the face, neck, hands and arms; this allows sagging wrinkles to appear, and the skin over these areas is less easily compressed, as it loses its mobility. Also, fat deposits are reduced in the breasts, resulting in loss of turgor, which causes the breasts to begin to sag and flatten
Tip: Try Dermaceutic Dermalift 0.5 and active Retinol 0.5 to treat sagging skin on the face and neck.

ELASTOSIS: Protein synthesis, particularly that of collagen and elastin, are partially controlled by estrogens. Thus, during menopause, the lowered estrogen levels result in less production and repair of collagen and elastin in the dermis of the skin. This lack of repair is particularly pronounced if the skin is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) rays. UV rays are very destructive to collagen, and if we lose our repair mechanism, then we lose our skin’s resiliency. This results in elastosis.
Tip: Try Pro Active Collagen Liquid to repair collagen in the skin

THINNING EPIDERMIS: The growth and maintenance of blood capillaries in the dermis are partially under the control of the estrogens. Thus, blood flow through the dermal capillaries is reduced during menopause, and less nutrients and oxygen are available to the Stratum Germinativum or Basal Cell layers of the epidermis. This contributes to the thinning of the epidermis and a slower cell turnover rate, which is accompanied by a reduction in the barrier function of the epidermis, leading to increased trans-epidermal water loss and dry skin.
Tip: Try Dermaceutic Hyalceutic for intense moisturising

MORE PRONE TO SUN DAMAGE: The maintenance of Melanocytes (cells that manufacture the pigment Melanin) is under the control of estrogens. As menopause progresses, the number of melanocytes in the skin is reduced (they degenerate). With less melanocytes, we produce less of the protective melanin and skin appears lighter. Menopausal skin is, therefore, more prone to sun damage, making it even more important to protect the skin with a sunblock
Tip: Try Heliocare air gel 360º to protect from sun damage.

HYPERPIGMENTATION / AGE SPOTS: Estrogens also temper melanin production. That is, estrogen exerts a regulatory effect on the production of melanin; it keeps it under control. In areas of the skin that have been exposed to UV rays over the years, as menopause arrives, melanin synthesis increases (due to lack of regulation by estrogen). This can result in brown “age spots” appearing on the face, hands, neck, arms and chest of many women.
Tip: Try Neo Strata Illuminating serum to treat hyperpigmentation.

HOT FLASHES: Hot flashes are typically defined by a strong sense of warmth in the skin, (mainly the face), followed by excessive sweating. It had long been thought that hot flashes were caused directly by the abrupt lowering of B-Estradiol levels, but we now know that a woman’s sympathetic nervous system is more active after menopause because of low estrogen, causing the dilation of skin arterioles and sweating, as well as the rise in body temperature and an increase in heart rate. Hour-to-hour changes in the secretion of the Luteinizing Hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland of post-menopausal women have also been associated with hot flashes.
Tip: Try Nimue Vit C Moisture Mist to refresh and firm the skin.


Menopause affects much more than the skin. Some possible internal symptoms can include dizziness, numbness, heart palpitations, insomnia, backaches and dry mouth, among others.
About 85% of women have menopausal symptoms both before and after they reach it; the occurrence and intensity of symptoms vary from woman to woman. For most, these symptoms stop within a year, but for some, symptoms can last as much as three years or more.

All products available at bard’au&co. Contact Anne at bard’au&co for more information about skin treatments and/or products.

Spring Time = Slim Down Time !

Spring Time = Slim Down Time !

Be one of the first in the area to try the newest breakthrough in skin tightening, toning and cellulite reduction: Lipolysis + Radio Frequency !

Both treatments are non-surgical, non-invasive, safe & effective!


Pollogen’s Tripollar RF machine, an innovative 3rd generation, radio frequency technology that delivers immediate visible facial contouring effects from the first treatment – and long-lasting results without surgery or downtime

RF energy when used for skin tightening is able to penetrate deep into the skin and affect the deeper dermis and subcutaneous layers, causing tightening and improvements to the underlying tissue structure.

Based on the scientific term Radio Frequency, RF treatment is a non-surgical means of “reshaping” the body and the face from beneath the superficial layer of the skin. This method uses a sophisticated device specifically designed to treat men and women’s most common skin ageing problems like wrinkles, excess fatty tissues or cellulite.

The method utilized radio frequency waves which is basically heat energy meant for tissue remodelling and prodcution of elastin and new collagen.

Unlike invasive procedures which primarily affect the most superficial layers of the skin, the resulting heat of the RF treatment works mainly on the deepest layer of the skin, the dermis, without affecting the upper layers that are above it such as the epidermis. As heat is a stimulation that promotes contracion of the underlying tissues, especially at the dermis level, soft tissue found within that area of the body compress, realign and even produce new collagen, a process that normally takes many months to complete. With healthy new collageen present from the deepest level of the skin, exposing such soft tissues to further RF waves help sculpt and tighten those tissues into a more youthful and elastic surface.

Benefits of Radio Frequency:

  1. Diminishes or removes cellulite:

With the adipose tissue and fats as the cause of cellulite, the heat coming from the RF treatment diminishes the bulging of excass fatty tissues

  1. Reduction of body fats:

both cellulite and body fats have one thing in common-the problem lies with the fatty tissues from beneath the skin’s superficial and lower layers. The resulting heat mechanism from the RF treatment causes some body fats to melt and be drained into the system thereby producing a result at par or equal to surgical means of losing body fats

  1. Tightening of skin: by using RF treatment, deep-seated soft tissue from under the skin are stimulated which facilitates healing through the production of new collagen tissues that are reactive towards the RF waves.
  2. Reduces the appearance of scars
  3. Lifts and firms saggy skin
  4. Safe, effective and no downtime


Lipolysis is an innovative, gentle and non-surgical method which removes the accumulation of stubborn fat deposits in targeted regions of the body.

While ordinary lipolysis is already a trusted and effective method of permanent fat reduction, the new generation’ difference is that it is combined with a cocktail of added ingredients to rapidly metabolise and disperse of targeted fat.

Lipolysis is an extremely effective method of combating cellulite and enhancing the effects of dieting and exercise.

Lipolysis removes has a toning effect, reduces cellulite and removes fat safely around the waist, inner thigh, abdomen, under the upper arms, knees, bra-pockets and double chin.


How does the treatment work?

Lipolysis for fat removal and cellulite treatment uses a mixture of fat-dissolving phosphatidylcholine and deoxycholate saline solution, injected to the localised regions of the body. The treatment is performed by a specially trained professional and involves virtually painless micro-injections into the targeted fat layer beneath the skin.

The active ingredient is Phosphatidylcholine (PPC) a component of Soy Lecithin, which has the ability to remove fat permanently. Lecithin prevents the body from storing fat in the targeted regions and improves the fat burning capacity of the body. The second component is Deoxycholate (DC) saline solution that keeps PPC in a soluble, injectable state.

During application, active substances lead to cracking of the membranes of fat cells in the treated zone and to outpouring of their content into the surrounding tissue. From there, in a natural way, via the bloodstream, the fat is transported to the liver and metabolised. Transportation takes place via the lymphatic system, therefore the need to drink a lot of water.

The new generation Lipolysis products difference comes into play due to the fact that we add a cocktail of herbs and seaweed to speed up fat metabolism, general metabolism and movement of the emulsified fat into the lymph system. It is necessary to emphasise that this procedure is not an alternative to a healthy diet or exercise, but helps to target areas not easily affected by regular exercise and dieting.

Phosphatidylcholine has been successfully used around the world for almost 16 years as part of intravenous treatment of cholesterol related illnesses, and more recently, also for the reduction of fat deposits in targeted regions of the body. It was first used in Spain and became popular in other parts of Europe, Brazil, USA, and recently also in South Africa.

A combination treatment of Lipolysis together with Radio Frequency results in guaranteed centimetre loss, skin toning and / or cellulite reduction.

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